Vorherige Seite Nächste Seite (Guided Tour)

You are here: Surf school "surfnsoul.com" > Press area & Tips for beginners > History of surfing

History of surfing

|   F A Q   |        (+34) 699 924 009   

Sprachauswahl · Choose your language · Elige tu idioma · Choisis ta langue Zur deutschen Website von surfnsoul.com

 Tips for beginners

 Photo gallery

 Videos: Learn how to surf

 Contact person

 Where can I surf in Europe?

 Surf equipment

 Fear in surf

 Safety in surf

 How to learn how to surf?

 Surf schools

 History of surfing

 Encyclopaedia of surfing

 About surfnsoul.com

 Natural Park of Oyambre

 Surf courses

 Accommodation near the beach

 Surfboards for sale


 is APPROVED by:

surfnsoul.com - Surf school recognised by the German Surfing Federation

surfnsoul.com - Surf school recognised by the Spanish Surfing Federation

Asociación Profesional de Escuelas de Surf - Saja-Nansa


 How to find us?

 Getting to Santander?
 More flights
 Brittany Ferries


  Subscribe to the YouTube Channel of surfnsoul.com! Visit us on Facebook and become a fan of surfnsoul.com! Follow surfnsoul.com on Twitter!


Martin Zawilla beim Surfen in Spanien Martin Zawilla beim Surfen in Spanien Martin Zawilla beim Surfen in Spanien

All rights reserved by Martin Zawilla as well as all the texts and all the photos on the website surfnsoul.com. Permission is granted exclusively to the publication of these texts and photos on each page where the publication has a clearly visible link with the following text:
© SURF SCHOOL "surfnsoul.com" · Natural Park of Oyambre · Cantabria · Spain
> linked to: https://surfnsoul.com

The roots of surfing are lost in the mists of history like that of the Polynesians who can be named as the inventors of surfing. Probably as early as pre-Christian times (between 750 and 500 BC) the Polynesians left their homeland "Hawaiki", which is supposedly located somewhere in Indonesia, to colonize the islands known today as Polynesia.

The Polynesians were people of the open sea, they were great at swimming, diving and nevegation. They made expeditions to South America and Antarctica. Led a carefree life in a paradisiacal landscape, held many parties with music, dancing and singing, and impressed the European discoverers with its free love life. Aside from climbing, sledding through the fields, fighting games and racing, they were especially fond of water sports. Swimming, diving, canoeing, sailing, water games and cliff jumping were very common sports among the Polynesian people.

The evolution probably started with bodysurfing. That was followed by using bundles of reeds, small logs, planks of wood or kayak tips to float atop and ahead of the wave. Later on they started surfing with larger boards, lying down, sitting up or kneeling. This type of surf was common throughout Polynesia (also in Micronesia and Melanesia). Especially in Tahiti surfing starting to evolve into standing. Women and men of all ages and classes went to surf.

Following the colonization of East Polynesia surfing reached the Marquesas Islands, New Zealand, Rapa, Easter Island and Hawaii. In Hawaii, surfing was perfected into riding the wall of the wave. Surfing was of great social importance. The bays with the highest and best waves were reserved exclusively for kings. Each year they celebrated the feast "Makahiki. Work was interrupted for three months to enjoy the rest, sports, dancing and feasts. In this event the surf championships, for which thousands of spectators came, had special significance. The surf was the national sport in Hawaii.

As surfing had already existed before the colonization of Hawaii (in the tenth century)  it can be calculated that surfing is more than 1000 years old. However, there are signs of a much more dated birth of this sport. Also in Micronesia (eg Fiji Islands, New Guinea) and Melanesia (eg Marshall Islands, Carolinas) it was used to catch waves, but only in places where there was also an Polynesian influence in the social and cultural structures. As it is presumed that the Polynesians were living in these areas in times before Christ it must be assumed that surfing started in pre-Christian times.

When Polynesia was discovered by Europeans, the history of surfing was written long before - or rather was sung long before. The Polynesians, who had no writing literature but only a sharp historical consciousness, inherited their stories in the form of songs and legends. They sang about the glorious actions of the best surfers and asked the god of the sea to keep the small waves away and to send the large waves. When James Cook discovered Hawaii in 1778 he observed the indigenous people surfing. His notes, which represent the first written text about surfing, show that Cook was fascinated by this sport.

The expeditions that followed later were not as sensitive as human and those at the time of Cook. A part from whalers and missionaries came mainly warships to colonize the paradise island. They brought diseases, alcoholism and desire to win that spread among the Polynesians. The number of Hawaiians decreased rapidly. In 1778 there were still more than 300,000 Hawaiians, in 1900 there were barely 40,000 inhabitants left.

When King Kamehameha the first, whose performance in the surf were still sung long after his death, died in 1819, the laws in force were  banned which prepared the advent of Christianity and the collapse of the Hawaiian culture. In that year the feast "Makahiki" was held for the last time. The missionaries replaced the pagan traditions unscrupulous behavior by strict church. Also, surfing was considered a useless waste of time, pagan and immoral (practiced by men and women together), and in 1823 was banned. The economic situation worsened for the Hawaiians and its connections with world trade. The income of the whaling and timber industry also fell and the industry had to pay high taxes. Things did not look good for surfing. Surfing cultural intergration were lost due to current kings being too busy, so surf around 1829 disappeared from most parts of Hawaii and Polynesia.

With the founding of the first Hawaiian surf club in 1908 began an new era, which is still living today, when the surf again was reborn and developed through George Freeth and Duke Kahanamoku worldwide.

The first surfers in Europe were probably Frence forest workers. In the year of 1896 the idea was to ride on half logs.

The architect Adrien Durupt is considered the first "real" surfer in Europe. In the year of 1907 he brought back a surfboard from California to surf it close to La Baule-Escoublac in France.

In 1955 Peter Viertel, a writer married to Hollywood actress Deborah Kerr came to Biarritz for the shooting of a film. He liked the waves a lot and he bought a board in California. With him began the Frenchman Michel Barland, Georges Henebutte, inventor of the leash (the "invention") and Joel de Rosnay, who then founded the first French surf club. On 10th March 1963 a friend of his, the Cantabrian Jesús Fiochi, entered history as the "first Spanish surfer of all time."


  Dates & Prices       Request       Sign up NOW !!  

Share this page on Facebook ...

Contact person

Martin Zawilla


+34 699 924 009

Message to Martin Zawilla


Martin Zawilla beim Surfen in SpanienOff the Lip

Martin Zawilla · Wellenreitlehrer von www. surfnsoul.com beim Bottom Turn


| Surf school "surfnsoul.com" | Superior excellence since 1995 | Learn how to surf in Spain | BEGINNERS Surf lessons | BASIC Surf course | ADVANCED Surf lessons | Surf lessons for CRACKS |

| Santander Airport | Intensive individual tuition by Martin Zawilla · Master’s Degree in Science of Physical Activity and Sport · LICENSED SURF MONITOR by the German Surf Federation |

| Surf lessons | Surf school based within Natural Park of Oyambre | San Vicente de la Barquera | Comillas | National Reserve Park Picos de Europa | Wide range of accommodation |

| Photos of the previous surf seasons | Surf holidays in Europe | Tips on how to learn to surf | How to recognise a quality surf schools? | Quality criteria for surf camps and surf schools |